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[ john ruskin ]

A Short Biography

John Ruskin (February 8, 1819 – January 20, 1900) was an English author, poet and artist, although more famous for his work as art critic and social critic. His Modern Painters series were responsible for the early popularity of the artist Joseph Mallord William Turner and the pre-Raphaelite movement.

Ruskin was born in London, and spent much of his childhood in Croydon. He was educated at the University of Oxford (Christ Church), where he was awarded a prize for poetry, his earliest interest. It was there that he met Turner. He also worked with the artists Rossetti, Millais, Holman Hunt, John Brett and John William Inchbold. Millais would in due course marry Effie Gray, who had been Ruskin's wife from 1848 until their marriage was annulled.

His later works influenced many Trade Union leaders of the Victorian era. He was also the inspiration for the Arts and Crafts Movement, the founding of the National Trust, and of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings.

Ruskin taught first at the Working Men's College in London, and then at Oxford University as Slade Professor of Art. Ruskin College, Oxford is named after him.

Upon the death of his father (who was a wealthy wine merchant), Ruskin declared that it was not possible to be a rich socialist and gave away most of his inheritance to educational organizations including the George's Guild in Paddington, the Whitelands College in Chelsea and the John Ruskin School in Camberwell.

He was also friends with Sir Henry Acland. He is also known for his essay on economy Unto This Last.

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General Articles, Texts and Web Sites on Ruskin
  • A web guide to John Ruskin from
  • John Ruskin on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  • John Ruskin Essential Information, explanation, recent texts, monographs, and relevant links
  • A very brief intro to Ruskin
  • John Ruskin at Art Renewal Center
  • The Johns Hopkins Guide To Literary Theory And Criticism
  • John Ruskin at
  • John Ruskin at
  • Sheffield Galleries & Museums Trust - Ruskin Collection
  • John Ruskin at Olga's Gallery
  • Ruskin Museum (Coniston, Cumbria)
  • The Ruskin Gallery in Sheffield
  • Ruskin's House (Brantwood)
  • Ruskin Library at Lancaster University
  • The Ruskin Programme at Lancaster University
  • CD-ROM of Ruskin's works available to buy
  • Ruskin, Turner and the Pre-Raphaelites - Tate Britain - March 9 to May 28, 2000
    Portrait of the Critic as a Young Artist, By Michele Leight
    - read online at
  • The Gothic Revival in the United Kingdom (Shaw Creek Bird Supply)

Venice / Venezia / Venedig / Benátky
  • Architecture in Venice : palazzi veneziani - A catalogue of Venetian palaces
  • Remarks on recent re-use issues of venetian palaces
  • John Ruskin: The Stones of Venice - "Venetian Index"
    Electronic edition of the so-called "Venetian Index", a list of buildings in Venice with descriptions created by John Ruskin as an appendix to his work "The Stones of Venice"
  • John Ruskin: The Orders of Venetian Arches
  • The Doge's palace (Palazzo Ducale) in Venice
  • Official site of the Doge's palace --->> Restauri

  • Joann Zimmerman's Venetian Maze - Interesting views on architectural Details in Venice
  • Andrea Palladio's Italian Villas --->> The Secrets of Palladio's Villas
  • : The Villas of Palladio

  • [more venice resources]

A Ruskin Bibliography

John Ruskin in Czech

Modern Painters Volume I
  • The Electronic Edition of John Ruskin's "Modern Painters" Volume I
    at Lancaster University (contains many editions of these, including first edition)
  • 1st edition (1843) - Zipped JPEGs - 54,2 MB

Mornings in Florence
Sesame and Lilies
The Ethics of the Dust: Ten Lectures to Little Housewives on the Elements of Crystallization
The King of the Golden River
The King of the Golden River
Ruskin's The King of the Golden River, and Dame Wiggins of Lee and Her Seven Wonderul Cats (Philadelphia and London: J. B. Lippincott, 1921)
  • illustrated by Maria L. Kirk (illustrated HTML at Baldwin Project)
  • Read online at

The Queen of the Air, Being a Study of the Greek Myths of Cloud and Storm
The Stones of Venice: Introductory Chapters and Local Indices (Printed Separately) for the Use of Travellers While Staying in Venice and Verona
Unto This Last
Ruskin's Unto This Last: A Paraphrase by M. K. Gandhi
  • ed. by Mahatma Gandhi, translated from the Gujarati by Valaji Govindaji Desai (HTML at
  • Read online at

The Two Paths
Val d'Arno: Ten Lectures on the Tuscan Art Directly Antecedent to the Florentine Year of Victories

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Project Gutenberg

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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